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Understanding the Key Procedures in General Dentistry

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As the field of dentistry continues to advance, it's important to have a thorough understanding of the key procedures involved. Whether you're due for a routine check-up or are experiencing a specific dental issue, knowledge about general dentistry procedures can help ease any anxiety and ensure that you receive the appropriate care. In this article, we will delve into a few fundamental procedures performed in general dentistry to give you a clear understanding of what to expect.

Dental Examinations

Regular dental examinations are the foundation of preventive care in general dentistry. During a dental examination, your dentist will evaluate the overall health of your mouth, including your teeth, gums, and jaw. This examination often includes dental X-rays to identify any hidden issues, such as cavities or impacted teeth. By undergoing regular dental examinations, potential problems can be detected early on, allowing for prompt treatment and prevention of further complications.

Teeth Cleaning and Scaling

Teeth cleaning, also known as prophylaxis, is a crucial component of general dentistry. This procedure involves the removal of plaque and tartar buildup from the surfaces of your teeth. Using specialized tools, the dental hygienist or dentist will carefully clean and polish your teeth, leaving them smooth and shiny. Teeth scaling may also be performed if there is a significant amount of tartar present. This process involves removing tartar from below the gumline to prevent gum disease and tooth decay.

Fillings and Restorations

Fillings and restorations are common procedures in general dentistry to treat dental decay. In this procedure, the dentist removes the decayed portion of the tooth and fills the space with a dental material such as composite resin or amalgam. The filling not only restores the function of the tooth but also prevents further decay and protects the remaining healthy tooth structure.

Root Canal Therapy

When the dental pulp becomes infected or inflamed, root canal therapy may be necessary to save the tooth. During this procedure, the dentist removes the infected pulp, cleans and disinfects the pulp chamber, and seals it with a dental material. Root canal therapy is crucial in preserving the natural tooth, as an untreated infection can lead to tooth loss and further complications.


In cases where a tooth is severely damaged or decayed, extraction may be the best option for maintaining oral health. Extractions involve the removal of a tooth from its socket in the jawbone. This procedure is performed under local anesthesia to ensure a comfortable and painless experience. After an extraction, your dentist may recommend tooth replacement options such as dental implants or bridges to restore the missing tooth.

Reach out to a general dentistry clinic near you to learn more.